2) Icovellauna and the Spring of Le Sablon (Moselle)

The goddess name Icovellauna is known from two inscriptions and three fragments of inscriptions discovered in Le Sablon, a village situated to the south of Metz (Moselle), in the territory of the Mediomatrici, and from a dedication found in Trier (Germany), in the territory of the Treveri. The oppidum* of the Mediomatrici, called Divodurum Mediomatricorum (‘the divine citadel of the Mediomatrici’), was situated in Metz on a hill called ‘Le Haut de Sainte Croix’, at the confluence of the River Seille and the River Moselle.1929 Various indigenous deities were venerated around Metz,1930 such as Mogontia, the horse-goddess Epona,1931 Rosmerta,1932 Sucellus and Nantosuelta1933 and Mother Goddesses.1934


Toussaint, 1948, p. 21 ; Kruta, 2000, p. 576.


Toussaint, 1948, pp. 201-209, 211-213.


Two steles* were discovered in Metz in 1854 and 1867, and seven in La Horgne at Le Sablon in 1903. See RG 4284, 4285, 4350-4356.


Three monuments were found in Metz: fragments of a stele*, fragments of an altar and a mutilated altar representing Rosmerta and Mercurius on one side and Apollo on the other side. CIL XIII, 4312 and RG 4288 ; CIL XIII, 4311 and RG 4288 ; RG 4346.


A bronze ring engraved with the inscription deo Sucello was found in Frescaty (Metz): CIL XIII, 4542. The altar representing the couple was found in Sarrebourg (Moselle): RG 4566 – see Chapter 2.


Four steles* picturing triple Mother Goddesses were found in Metz: CIL XIII, 4303 ; RG 4291, 7234, 4358, 4360.